The Confederation of Horn of Africa
#Eritrea #Ethiopia #Somalia #Djibouti
A confederation is a union of sovereign states, united for purposes of common action often in relation to other states.
Usually created by a treaty, confederations of states tend to be established for dealing with critical issues, such as defense, foreign relations, internal trade or currency, with the general government being required to provide support for all its members.
Since the member states of a confederation retain their sovereignty, they have an implicit right of secession.
Under a confederal arrangement, in contrast with a federal one, the central authority is relatively weak. Decisions made by the general government in a unicameral legislature, a council of the member states, require subsequent implementation by the member states to take effect. They are therefore not laws acting directly upon the individual, but instead, have more the character of inter-state agreements.